How is Treatment Done Through Biologics For Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Out of the many health problems that afflict people worldwide, one that is particularly difficult to deal with is rheumatoid arthritis. This autoimmune disease causes immense joint pain and damage throughout the body.
Treatment is effective when the diseases is diagnosed at the early stage by recognizing its symptoms such as stiffness in the joint, improper functioning of joint, swelling and pain in the joint.
Treatment Through Biologics For Rheumatoid Arthritis
Right from the 1990s till as recently as 2017, Methotrexate was the drug administered to patient with rheumatoid arthritis, which worked by subsiding the factor causing pain and the other symptoms of this disease. However, now there is an even better solution – Treatment through Biologics drugs.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment Using Biologics
In rheumatoid arthritis, the body’s immunity system attacks healthy tissues that line up joints. Use of biologics drugs prevents this from occurring thus stopping the progress of the devastating and debilitating effect of this disease. They work by blocking the tumor necrosis factor, which causes joint damage, inflammation and pain.
Features of Biologics Drugs
Biologics drugs do not work on the entire immunity system as is seen with earlier drugs but on those parts that control inflammation. Biologics drugs include proteins that have been genetically modified to influence the immunity system and prevent it from attacking healthy body cells and causing Rheumatoid Arthritis symptoms.
They are highly effective primarily due to the fact they are a targeted form of therapy. Their key features are:
- New class of drugs that offers very effective treatment over older drugs
- As biotechnology is used to make them, they are genetically engineered to behave like natural protein on the immunity system
- Given through injection under the skin or directly into the vein
- Results are faster and ability to prevent join damaged is greatly improved to what was seen with earlier drugs
Type Of Treatments Using Biologics Drugs
Treatment for RA through biologic drugs is categorized according to the cells that they affect to control the problem. These are called:
- B-Cell inhibitors
- T-Cell inhibitors
- Interleukin-1 blockers
- Interleukin-6 blockers
Each of these types has a particular composition and works in a specific away. The features of the drug type that is best for treatment is discussed with the patient so that he or she is aware how it will subside their condition.
Drugs commonly used to treat this problem include Rituximab, Anakinra, Abatacept, Tofacitinib, Tocilizumab and Etanercept. Some of these drugs can work right away to subside pain and other problems, while others can take time to show results.
Effectiveness in Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment
Some patients respond well to intake of a biologic drug while others show good improvement only when it is taken in conjunction with an older drug.
Prescription of biologics is not the first course of treatment for Rheumatoid arthritis, as people with this condition can experience problems in different types of body cells.
Biologics can target only one type of cell hence a combination of various biologics drugs for is needed effectively treat their problems. It can take some time to find out which combination of drugs is best for a person’s unique symptoms.